What Are The Basic Accounting Concepts And Principles?

What Are The Basic Accounting Concepts And Principles?

You are going to learn the Basic Accounting Concepts in 2024. Understanding these concepts can help you make smarter financial decisions in the long term and in everyday life.

The Principles Accounting Principles Are defined rules that ensure that companies follow the same financial practices. By using these guidelines to standardize how you track and interpret accounting data, you can accurately compare financial data from different periods and gain a clear understanding of the health of your company.

May follow generally accepted accounting principles or another standard. Regardless of which one you use, it's important to understand the basics, even if you have small business accounting software. This will help you have productive conversations with your financial advisor or accountant.

8 Accounting Concepts Companies Need To Understand

Basic Accounting Concepts

source: google.com

1. Accrual Accounting

There are two main accounting methods you can use: accrual accounting and cash accounting.

Accrual principle: the financial statement relates revenues and costs to the periods in which they occur. For example, the accrual method would take accounts receivable into account as soon as an invoice is sent, rather than when the invoice is actually paid.

Cash Basis: Statements financial financials reflect income and expenses are reported only when they are received or paid. With this method, for example, credits would not be considered. Instead, revenue is not recognized until the invoice is paid.

Many small businesses start with cash accounting, but accrual-based financial statements offer perspective much better. Understand your company's financial situation. Additionally, generally accepted accounting principles, also known as GAAP, require public companies to report accounting on an accrual basis.

Read Also: How to start a bookkeeping business: Top tips to help you succeed

2. Accounting period

The concept of "accounting period" means that only financial documents from the period in question need to be included. This includes understanding three important financial statements: the income statement, the balance sheet, and the cash flow statement.

The income statement and the cash flow statement. They cover a specific period of time, such as a quarter or a calendar year. A balance sheet is a snapshot of a company's assets and liabilities at a particular point in time.

3. Consistency

The accounting principle of consistency states that once you choose an accounting method (accrual or cash basis), you must follow it for all future financial records. This allows you to accurately compare performance across different accounting periods.

The IRS also requires consistency in tax reporting for small businesses. If you decide on a billing method and want to change it, you must get IRS approval.

4. Continuity

The “going concern” accounting principle states that you should assume that your business is in good financial health and will continue to operate for the foreseeable future. This sometimes allows companies to delay the recognition of certain expenses until later accounting periods.

Of course, the accountant or auditor is free to arrive at a different conclusion. If so, this shows that the company cannot repay the loan or meet other obligations. In this case, the company may need to start considering the liquidation value of the assets.

5. Conservatism

In the concept of conservatism, income and expenditure are treated differently. Companies should recognize revenue only when there is reasonable assurance that it will be recorded, such as through a purchase order or signed invoice.

However, companies must record expenses first. This argues in favor of more conservative financial reporting. For cash flow reasons, it is better to overestimate expenses rather than income.

6. Economic entity assumption

This accounting principle states that the mixing of commercial and private funds should be avoided. Corporate financial statements should reflect only business transactions. For example, you should avoid recording your personal expenses on a business credit card.

Failing to follow this concept can make your online accounting much worse. More difficult and also causes problems. . legal issues if you are a corporation or limited liability company. In these cases, the only way to maintain limited liability protection is to separate your business and personal finances.

7. Relevance

Companies must record all financial transactions that could materially influence business decisions. Even if this involves capturing smaller transactions, it is better to provide a holistic view of the company; This is especially important in the case of an exam.

Business accounting software makes it easy to record every small transaction because most products automatically sync with your business checking and credit card accounts.

8. Coincidence

The accounting principle of “coincidence” requires that advertising revenues and expenses must be recorded simultaneously in order to reveal whatever cause and effect relationships enter into the recipe . and go shopping. For example, let's say you pay a seller a commission for a sale made in March. The commission must also be registered in the month of March.

Read Also: Self-employed allowable expenses you can claim on


What are the six fundamental accounting concepts?

Basic accounting concepts and principles include accrual accounting, matching principle, revenue recognition principle, going concern assumption, consistency principle, materiality concept, cost concept, full disclosure concept, and objectivity concept "Color: rgb(0, 0, 0 ); Font family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans serif; font size:

What are the 5 basic accounts?

These are invoices, goods , liability accounts, balance sheet accounts, income accounts and expense accounts.

What are the 5 basic accounting concepts?

The 5 basic accounting principles These they are: the income principle, the cost principle, the correspondence principle, the disclosure principle and the objectivity principle.

What is the golden rule of accounting?

Here are the three gold accounting rules : debit Credit what comes in, credit what goes out. Debit the recipient, credit the donor.

By Gaurav